Display Screen Equipment (DSE) Assessment

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In today's fast-paced work environment, ensuring the health and safety of employees is of utmost importance. One crucial aspect is conducting Display Screen Equipment (DSE) assessments. This article aims to shed light on the meaning and definition of DSE assessments, their significance in maintaining a safe work environment, and how they contribute to the well-being of employees.

What is a Display Screen Equipment (DSE) Assessment?

A Display Screen Equipment (DSE) assessment systematically evaluates the ergonomic factors associated with using display screens in the workplace. It involves identifying and minimising potential risks to the health and safety of individuals who regularly use display screen equipment such as computers, laptops, smartphones, and visual display units (VDUs).

DSE assessments are good practice and a legal requirement in many countries. For example, in the United Kingdom, the Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 mandate that employers carry out DSE assessments to protect the well-being of their employees.

Key Elements of a DSE Assessment

To conduct a comprehensive DSE assessment, several key elements should be considered:

Identification of Display Screen Equipment

The first step is to identify the display screen equipment used in the workplace. This includes desktop computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, and other devices with a screen interface. It is crucial to assess all the relevant equipment to ensure a comprehensive evaluation.

Ergonomic Considerations

Ergonomics plays a vital role in DSE assessments. It involves evaluating the ergonomic factors related to workstations, such as chairs, desks, and accessories. The assessment should focus on the workstation layout, adjustability of furniture, and the positioning of screens, keyboards, and pointing devices. By optimising ergonomics, employees can maintain proper posture and reduce the risk of musculoskeletal issues such as back pain and arm pain.

Lighting and Glare

Lighting conditions in the workplace can significantly impact visual comfort and productivity. During a DSE assessment, the assessor should evaluate the lighting levels, ensuring they are neither too dim nor too bright. Moreover, measures should be taken to minimise glare and reflections on screens, which can cause eye strain and fatigue.

Workstation Environment

The overall work environment should be assessed besides the immediate workstation setup. Factors such as noise levels, temperature, humidity, and ventilation should be considered. Creating a comfortable and conducive workspace contributes to the well-being and productivity of DSE users.

Breaks and Posture

Sitting in front of a screen for prolonged periods can lead to fatigue and eyestrain. To combat these issues, regular breaks and movement should be encouraged. The assessor should guide on taking breaks, performing stretching exercises, and maintaining proper posture while using DSE. This promotes blood circulation, reduces fatigue, and helps prevent long-term health problems.


How to Conduct a DSE Assessment

Conducting a DSE assessment involves a systematic approach. Here is a step-by-step guide to performing an effective assessment:

  1. Preparation: Gather the necessary assessment tools, checklists, and any relevant documents or guidelines provided by the health and safety authority.
  2. Identify DSE Users: Identify employees who regularly use display screen equipment and ensure their participation in the assessment process.
  3. Evaluate Workstations: Assess the workstations individually, considering ergonomic factors, lighting, glare, and the overall work environment.
  4. Document Findings: Record the assessment findings, noting any identified risks, issues, or areas for improvement.
  5. Recommendations: Based on the assessment findings, provide clear recommendations to address the identified risks and improve the workstations. This may include suggesting ergonomic adjustments, providing additional lighting or glare reduction measures, or recommending changes to the work environment. Ensure the recommendations are practical, feasible, and tailored to each DSE user's needs.
  6. Training and Awareness: Offer DSE training and awareness programs to educate employees on proper workstation setup, posture, breaks, and overall DSE best practices. Empowering employees with the knowledge and skills to use display screen equipment correctly can significantly contribute to their well-being and productivity.
  7. Periodic Reviews: DSE assessments should not be treated as one-time events. Regular reviews should be conducted to ensure ongoing compliance and identify changes in workstations or practices that may necessitate reassessment. This proactive approach helps maintain a safe and healthy work environment.

Benefits of Regular DSE Risk Assessments

Regular DSE assessments yield several benefits for both employers and employees:

  • Enhanced Employee Well-being: DSE assessments improve employee well-being and comfort by identifying and addressing ergonomic risks. Minimising discomfort, pain, and fatigue associated with poor workstation setup reduce the risk of work-related health issues.
  • Increased Productivity: Optimal workstation setup, proper posture, and adequate breaks increase productivity. Employees can focus better and work efficiently when they are comfortable and free from distractions.
  • Compliance with Legal Requirements: DSE assessments fulfil legal obligations imposed by regulations like the Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992. Employers demonstrate their commitment to providing a safe and healthy work environment by conducting regular assessments.


A Display Screen Equipment (DSE) assessment is vital to maintaining a safe and healthy work environment. By evaluating ergonomic factors, lighting conditions, work environment and promoting good practices, employers can ensure the well-being of DSE users. Regular DSE assessments not only fulfil legal requirements but also contribute to increased productivity, reduced health risks, and improved employee satisfaction.

To effectively implement DSE assessments, organisations should integrate them into their health and safety practices, provide appropriate training and awareness programs, and prioritise ongoing reviews. By doing so, employers can create a culture of well-being, mitigate risks associated with DSE use, and foster a productive and thriving work environment.

Remember, DSE assessments are not only about compliance; they are about caring for the health and safety of your employees. So, make it a priority and invest in the well-being of your workforce through thorough and regular DSE assessments.

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